Bone Grafting

Successful dental implant treatment require adequate jaw bone in height and width along with healthy gum tissues. When teeth have been missing the jaw bone undergoes atrophy or resorption resulting in inadequate bone for successful dental implant placement. With a clinical examination and appropriate x-rays our doctors will be able to diagnose the extent of bone deficiency and will discuss the treatment options to allow for bone graft reconstruction and eventual successful dental implant treatment.

Fortunately, today we have the ability to grow bone where it is needed. This not only gives us the opportunity to place dental implants of proper length and width, but it also gives us a chance to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance.

Bone grafting can repair implant sites with inadequate bone structure due to previous extractions, gum disease, or injuries. The bone is either obtained from a tissue bank or your own bone is taken from the jaw, hip or tibia (below the knee). Sinus bone grafts are also performed to replace bone in the posterior upper jaw. In addition, special membranes and growth factors may be utilized as well to encourage bone regeneration. This is called guided bone regeneration, or guided tissue regeneration.

Major bone grafts are typically performed to repair defects of the jaws. These defects may arise as a result of traumatic injuries, tumor surgery, or congenital defects. Large defects are repaired using the patient’s own bone. This bone is harvested from a number of different areas depending on the size needed. The skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), and lateral knee (tibia), are common donor sites. These procedures are routinely performed in an operating room and require a hospital stay.